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Domeniul Culcer, file din trecut

Dobrita, hearth of memories

Dobrita village is located at 16 km from Targu-Jiu, “City of Brancusi”. At a distance of just 2.5 km there’s the entrance of Natural Reservation ‚’’Cheile Sohodolului’’. To Memorial House “Constantin Brancusi” you go only 16 km and to Tismana Monastery 31 km. “Every house, every stone, every corner from here has a story to tell and I know them all, but every time I get there, I ask them to tell me once again their stories”, said Gabriel Culcer. “I no longer know the young people from Dobriceni and they either … almost all elders are gone … but heir stories have remained”.

Domeniul Culcer is very close to Casa “Colonel Petrescu” where King Mihai I of Romania and the queen mother retired, after the arrest of General Ion Antonescu, when the Communists came to power. “In the past, when you went out from Targu-Jiu, you were hit by fresh air brought by a cool breeze from the mountain ridges that enclose the horizon to the north, in an unbroken chain: Plesa, siglaul Mare si Mic, Muncelul, Sanunele, Cioaca Bernei. The board as inclined roof, Dragomanul, Muntele Valarilor, are placed one after another on our right, and further to east, Straja as a geometric cone, drawn precisely of other peaks, even as a guard “.

Wandering the paths of past, trodden by time, we listen to what historians and memoirs of that time want to say us. Let’s make a stop in the world of ancient objects, those parts that, although sealed by time, will never morally wears out. Furthermore, we will pull out from the quiver of antiquities stories from the old corners of chest, and we wander a bit, among vestiges of past ages. “Faces of old,” our guide, impressive work of ing. Gabriel Culcer (dr. Max Culcer’s son) will escort us in this adventure. Genealogical monographs, sculpted busts, paintings, coins, jewelry, stamps, watches, weapons, decorations, postcards, letters of soul, icons, silverware, Biedermeier furniture, all forming a universe with a mystical aura that if it is perceived, you will have the wonderful opportunity to rummage through old history files. “Mosaics” of old faces always remain seductive, even for a “profane” eye which not really knows evaluate them. In this place the old rites spread light and color. “Between us who we are, and they who were there are so many mysterious nature, many subtle links that we just do our duty when we remove the dust that blanketed over their memory.” When we talking about those people who were raised prominently by their merits as Nicolae Balcescu, Theodor Aman, General Culcer and, not least, the heiress of this historic domain, Ms. dr. Ana Culcer, no other than the daughter of the owner dr. Max Culcer and the Capital chief doctor’s great- granddaughter, Dimitrie Culcer, we mention that all these people are Culcer’s kin. Culcerii made history: four generations of famous doctors: Demetrie, Dumitru-Tache, Dimitrie-Max and Anna Culcer, officer Vladimir C, General Ion C., Captain Costica C, sub-prefect Eugen Cand prefect Grigore. We are talking about two centuries of history closely linked to this lands and kinship and other tradition families: Otetelisanu, Poenaru, Schileru, Sâmboteanu, Gigurtu, Mandrea Dumitru or Petrescu. Culcer’s family mansion from Dobrita was visited by Romanian and European cultural personalities, among them the sculptor Constantin Brancusi.

We know very clearly how natural is the human desire to know their origins. “They say Culcer kin descended from Corabia sub Cetate at the foot of Lapusului Mountain, near Cetatea Ciceului, and that would be called once Corabianu”.

Family story begins in the land of Dobrita with Dimitrie Culcer (1807-1867). Specialized doctor at Pest and Vienna, married with Anica Otetelisanu in 1848, his descendants will become famous doctors and soldiers. His father in law, Nicholas Otetelisanu, was president of Gorj Court and leader of the county. From this, by marriage with Anica, he inherts a part of the estate Dobrita. “As a dowry, Anica received parental homes from Targu-Jiu and the eastern part of the estate Dobrita, from Barloaia to Plaisor”. In 1864 will become chief doctor of Bucharest after he was primary doctor of Gorj and Dolj counties. In 1867 he died and was buried in the Targu-Jiu town cemetery. Culcer widow, daughter of Oteteliseni, remaining to carefully raising and educating seven boys returned to Craiova. “Another documentary interest, first of all biographical for “founder’s” family of Dimitrie and Ana Culcer ( Otetelisanu) kin are her letters to her sister, Elena Economu, married at Ramnicu-Valcea and then established at Dobrita, who was a great help and a permanent moral support for her. Moreover, having no child, her sister bequeath fortune from Dobrita and the house from Targu. Jiu to her nephew Max Culcer, the eldest son of her sister. The letters date from 1859-1870 shows very clearly the spirit of that age “. Ana Culcer died in 1871 and she was buried near her husband in the family vault from Targu.-Jiu.

The second generation of family’s doctors starts from Dr. Dumitru (Tache) Culcer (1850-1927). He studied medicine in Paris where he become friend with Ion C. Bratianu. He married on 16th of January 1882 with Ana (Netty) Balcescu, daughter of Barbu Balcescu, brother of illustrious Nicolae Balcescu. ” In Craiova, one evening, in the house of Major Gigartu has met his sister in law, Netty, the youngest of Balcescu Barbu’s daughters, president of the Court. This Barbu, brother of great Nicolae, had three daughters, Olga, Zoe and Netty, considered in that time the most brilliant prospect from Oltenia. Any foreigner asked who has Craiova most valuable answers: “Bibescu Park, St. Dumitru Church and Balcescu’s daughters.” On sf. Dumitru day of the same year Ana gives birth to Max Culcer, first of the five successors. He will become also doctor continuing the family tradition. “After Max and after Lenchen, Tache has had Marioara in 1886, and then, after a break of eight years, Ana, in 1894, and finally, in 1897, Vera, the youngest child of the family.” “Tache Culcer becomes also prefect in 1902-1904 and 1907-1910. He contribute to the improvement of life of the county, by building schools and libraries, by building bridges and rebuilding roads, through health care and administrative measures. “Doctor Culcer helped to put up the school, the town hall and the church … many farmers in need left from him with full bags … even justice, all came to him to look for” During World War I, although at the age of 66, dr. Dumitru Culcer has volunteered enrolled as a military doctor, with the rank of major and receiving hospital management campaign from Vadeni. Here he had subordinated the nurse Ecaterina Teodoroiu. He died on 13th of August 1927 and was buried in the family vault from Targu-Jiu.

As mentioned above, Dimitrie Max Culcer (1882-1969) was the third doctor of Culcer family and the most nonconformist from all. He grew up on the fields from Dobrita and went to school in Targu-Jiu, where he had a a notable teacher, Alexandru Stefulescu. He graduates high school in Bucharest and entered in Faculty of Medicine in 1902. In 1904, after military service he returns to Targu-Jiu, where he had a terrible carriage accident on 13th of July on the road to Dobrita. As a consequence, the weapon fires and he get hurt seriously the leg. Worst was that the wound mortified and led to foot amputation. “It was in the summer of 1904; Max Culcer made his army and was on vacation in Targu-Jiu.
On 13th of July he ordered to be prepared the carriage, and took the rifle, the dog and the maid to care him, and went to Dobrita. Arrived at the Susita bridge, Stan the coachman, who was dead drunk that day could no longer hand. Max, angry, gets him off the carriage and put the maid to keep the reins … If he wouldn’t have had this bad idea, if he would have get on to run the horses, his whole life would have had other course … At Bârseşti, the carriage crosses with a row of carts with hay, horses get scared and break into a run, maid gets scared too and drop the reins and starts to scream; Darling, the dog is scared too and jumps down from the carriage, and fells the rifle beside Max …the weapon, loaded, hits the carriage stairs and fires… A fire went through his hat, two inches from his head and the other one crossed his leg, lengthwise”.

He has a bohemian life in Paris and friendships with many personalities of the time such as George Enescu, the painter Sava Albescu and Constantin Brancusi. Besides the medical world, modeling clay, hunting, collecting objects of all kinds were his hobbies for a lifetime. “He collected numerous art objects, paintings, crooks and pitchforks artistically carved, icons from various village demolished churches (unfortunately all very degraded). On the Gugului hill he put up an enormous crucifix and a huge watershed fountain, both by carving cleverly the wood. ”

Winding path of life bring dr. Culcer three times in front of the altar. His first wife, Marioara Petrescu gave him a son named Gabriel Culcer, who leads us in our journey through the murk of that time with this “guide” of old faces .. The second marriage, with Dumitru Tanta, got him two other children, Dan and Adina. At 60 years old, he married third time, with Anita Popa, with whom he had three children, namely Petrica, Ion (Nelu) and Ana. Slightly, the storyline brings us in the present, where time, in its uninterrupted flow, will write new pages. Our hostess Mrs. dr. Ana Culcer descendant of Max Culcer, Pediatrician primary doctor, specialist in Health Sciences, University Hospital Neonatology department head (1984-2014), national trainer on issues of natural nutrition, UNICEF collaborator and founder member of the “The Secret of Evolution” Association, he goes on the family medical tradition.

Culcer family tree


Culcer Domain, from past to present

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years of history